Human rights are those basic standards, which are important for enabling people to live in safety and dignity.
Human rights protect our lives and our bodies from harm, allowing us to live as free persons, and to carry out different activities – to express ourselves, to learn new information, to meet with friends and like-minded people and so on.
To provide real and practical human rights, the States have undertaken to explain and protect them by adopting the necessary laws.
In France, human rights are not explained in the Constitution as such but in multiple documents of constitutional value:
- the Declaration of Human and Civic Rights
- the Preamble to the Constitution of 1946
- the Charter for the Environment
But there are also other laws, which further explain what each right means, as well as what is allowed and what is prohibited.
example The Declaration of Human and Civic Rights says that you have the freedom to express yourself. But the Law on the Freedom of the Press explains how to do this in a way that does not hurt other people, as they also have rights.
Read more about human rights by exploring the topics below: